Sunday, 25 February 2018

IB0017 –INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT AND INTERNATIONAL LAW

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DRIVE
winter 2017
PROGRAM
MBA
SEMESTER
4
SUBJECT CODE & NAME
IB0017 –INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT AND INTERNATIONAL LAW
BK ID
B1909
CREDIT & MARKS
4 CREDITS, 60 MARKS

Q1. The legal environment of the host country affects a multinational company. Explain.
Explain how the local laws, civil laws, criminal laws, and trade regulations influences the operations of an MNC
Answer:
In addition to the political environment in a country, the legal environment comprising of local laws, civil laws, criminal laws, and trade regulations also influences the operations of a foreign firm. It is important for a foreign firm to know the regulatory provisions in each

Q2. Elaborate the objectives of the International Monetary Fund.
Explaining the objectives of the IMF
Answer:
Objectives of the IMF are:
(a) to endorse international economic collaboration through an enduring organization which offers a system for discussion and cooperation on international economic difficulties;

(b) to enable the development and balanced progress of international trade and thus promote the advancement and upkeep of high degree of


Q3. List the provisions of the Warsaw Convention and the rules added in the Hague Protocol.
Provisions of Warsaw Convention
Rules added in the Hague Protocol
Answer:
The Warsaw Convention:
(a) Regulates specifics that are going to be incorporated in the documents of carriage;

(b) Determines the fine for non-compliance/

Q.4: Write short notes on:
a. Export cartels
b. Customs and tariffs
ANS:

a. Meaning and role of export cartels:
A cartel is said to exist when two or more enterprises enter into an explicit or implicit agreement to fix prices, to limit production and supply, to allocate market share or sales quotas, or to engage in collusive bidding or bid-rigging in one or more markets. So an important dimension in the definition of cartel is that it requires an agreement between competing enterprises not to compete or to restrict competition. An international cartel is said to exist, when not all of the enterprises in a cartel are based in the same country or when the cartel affects markets of more than one country. An export cartel is made up of enterprises based in one country with an agreement to cartelize

Q.5: How does the TRIPs agreement protect IPRs? What are the seven intellectual properties defined in TRIPs?
TRIPS and IPRs
7 intellectual properties
ANS:

TRIPS and IPRs:
The Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) is considered a controversial outcome of the UR. TRIPs, in conjunction with TRIMs and services were known as the new issues discussed in the UR. Intellectual Property Rights

Q.6: Which are the various kinds of investment treaties and how do they function?
Meaning of Investment treaties
Kinds
ANS:

Meaning of Investment treaties:
The desire to attract foreign investment has led most countries, especially developing countries, to adopt policies that are designed to create a favourable investment climate. An important part of these policies are legal safeguards. These legal safeguards include the stability of the legal conditions under which an investor can operate, the quality of the local public administration, the transparency of the system of local regulations, and an effective system of


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