Friday, 30 May 2014

BBA501 - PRODUCTION & OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT

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ASSIGNMENT


DRIVE WINETR
SPRING 2014
PROGRAM
BBA
SUBJECT CODE & NAME
BBA501 - PRODUCTION & OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT
SEMESTER
v
BK ID
B1849
CREDITS
4
MARKS
60


Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

1 List and explain the functions of operations management.

Answer : Operations management refers to the activities, decisions and responsibilities of managing the resources which are dedicated to the production and delivery of products and services.

The part of an organisation that is responsible for this activity is called the operations function and every organisation has one as delivery of a product and/or service is the reason for existence.

Operations managers are the people who



2 What are the objectives of forecasting?

Answer : Planning ahead is critical to setting and achieving objectives for your business.

An instantaneous response of production systems to changes in consumer demand is not possible. Therefore, demand forecasts are necessary to estimate future customer demand for a product or service. These demand estimates serve as the basis of capacity and facility planning as well as selection of appropriate inventory levels, material and supplies acquisitions, capital investments and departmental budgets, marketing plans and human resources activities.

Objectives of Demand



3 Explain any 10 main functions of Production Planning and Control (PPC).

Answer : Production planning and Control department is one of the important department for the apparel manufacturing company. In the context of the apparel manufacturing primary roles of the Production Planning and Control (PPC) department has been listed below. Each functions has been explained briefly just overview about the task.  To know details about the task read related articles.

Job or Task Scheduling: Preparation of time and action calendar for each order from order receiving to shipment. The job schedule contains list of tasks to be processed for the styles. Against each tasks planner mentions when to start a task and what is dead line for that task. Name of responsible person (department) for the job is being listed. For example, scheduling planned cut date (PCD), line loading date etc.




4 Describe the major steps that constitute the purchasing procedure.

Answer : Management in any company must understand the art of obtaining products and services. The procurement cycle follows specific steps for identifying a requirement or need of the company through the final step of the award of the product or contract. Responsible management of public and corporate funds is vital when handling this necessary process, whether in strong or weak economic markets. Following a proven step-by-step technique will help management successfully achieve its goals.

5 Write short notes on:
 PERT
Answer : Critical Path Analysis and PERT are powerful tools that help you to schedule and manage complex projects. They were developed in the 1950s to control large defence projects, and have been used routinely since then.

As with Gantt Charts, Critical Path Analysis (CPA) or the Critical Path Method (CPM) helps you to plan all tasks that must be completed as part of a project. They act as the basis both for preparation of a schedule, and of resource planning. During management of a project, they allow you to monitor achievement of project goals.


 CPM
Answer : The critical path method (CPM) is an algorithm for scheduling a set of project activities.

The essential technique for using CPM [6][7] is to construct a model of the project that includes the following:

·         A list of all activities required to complete the project (typically categorized within a work breakdown structure),


6 Elucidate the planned preventive maintenance system.

Answer : Planned Preventive Maintenance ('PPM') or more usual just simple Planned Maintenance (PM) or Scheduled Maintenance is any variety of scheduled maintenance to an object or item of equipment. Specifically, Planned Maintenance is a scheduled service visit carried out by a competent and suitable agent, to ensure that an item of equipment is operating correctly and to therefore avoid any unscheduled breakdown and downtime.
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BBA502 - FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT

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ASSIGNMENT


DRIVE WINETR
SPRING 2014
PROGRAM
BBA
SUBJECT CODE & NAME
BBA 502 - FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT
SEMESTER
v
BK ID
B1850
CREDITS
4
MARKS
60


Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

1. Assume you are promoted to Finance Manager of a company. Describe the three important components of the master budget in detail with an example

Answer : A master budget is exactly what it sounds like -- one main budget that is made up of multiple smaller budgets. For instance, a city government may group its general fund, enterprise fund and internal services fund -- each with its own expenses and revenue sources -- under a single, all-encompassing operating budget. Many organizations rely on master budgets, from businesses to municipalities to individual households.

Cash



2 Explain the concept of time value of money. Suppose Narsimham pays Rs 10,000 at the end of each year for 5 years into a public provident fund. The interest rate being 12% per year. What is the present value of the series of Rs 10,000 paid each year for 5 years?

Answer : Time Value of Money (TVM) is an important concept in financial management. It can be used to compare investment alternatives and to solve problems involving loans, mortgages, leases, savings, and annuities.

TVM is based on the concept that a dollar that you have today is worth more than the promise or expectation that you will receive a dollar in the future. Money that you hold today is worth more because you can invest it and earn interest.


3 Assume that project ‘X’ costs Rs 2,500 now and is expected to generate year end cash inflows of Rs 900, Rs 800, Rs 700, Rs 600 and Rs 500 in years 1 to 5. The opportunity cost of the capital is 10%. Calculate the Net present value. Discuss capital rationing.

Answer : Solution :





Capital rationing is a strategy used by organizations attempting to limit the costs of their own investments. Typically, a company engaging in capital rationing has made unsuccessful investments of capital in the recent past and would like to raise the return on those investments prior to engaging in new business.




4 Discuss the financing arrangements for the Metro project in Delhi. Critically evaluate the arrangements in terms of costs and risks.

Answer : The Union Budget outlay for the Delhi Metro for the 2012-13 was Rs 2,200 crore. The Phase III Metro — with seven corridors covering nearly 140 km of the city — will be the largest expansion project by the DMRC so far.

A major highlight of the Metro expansion is that it connects two arterial roads — the Ring Road and the Outer Ring Road. Phase III will also extend to the satellite cities of Faridabad and Bahadurgarh.





5 Assume that you are the financial manager of a Pvt ltd company. What would be your decision on dividend if you are planning to expand the business? Explain the constraints that a company faces on paying dividends.

Answer : Some of the most important determinants of dividend policy are: (i) Type of Industry (ii) Age of Corporation (iii) Extent of share distribution (iv) Need for additional Capital (v) Business Cycles (vi) Changes in Government Policies (vii) Trends of profits (vii) Trends of profits (viii) Taxation policy (ix) Future Requirements and (x) Cash Balance.



6 Calculate the EOQ, if the total requirement is 1200 units, ordering cost per order is Rs 37.50 and carrying cost per unit is Rs 1. Explain various inventory management techniques.

Answer : Economic Order Quantity (EOQ) Formula

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BBA503 - ECONOMIC PLANNING AND POLICIES

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ASSIGNMENT

DRIVE WINETR
SPRING 2014
PROGRAM
BBA
SUBJECT CODE & NAME
BBA503 - ECONOMIC PLANNING AND POLICIES
SEMESTER
v
BK ID
B1851
CREDITS
4
MARKS
60


Note: Answer all questions. Kindly note that answers for 10 marks questions should be approximately of 400 words. Each question is followed by evaluation scheme.

1  Identify the economic and non-economic factors which play a role in developing economy.

Answer : We know very well that Economic Development is a wider concept than Economic Growth. Economic growth is concerned with just quantitative changes m the economy consequent upon changes in stock of capital, changes in stock of labor and changes in natural resources etc. Whereas economic development not only brings quantitative changes, but also the qualitative changes in the economy attached with social, cultural, institutional and political changes in the economy. It means that in the process of economic



2  Discuss the limitations of National Income estimation in India.

Answer : There are many difficulties in measuring national income of a country accurately. The difficulties involved in national income accounting are both conceptual and statical in nature. Some of these difficulties involved in the measurement of national income are discussed below:

Non Monetary Transactions


3  Explain the objectives of economic planning in India.

Answer : Planning without an objective is like driving without any destination. There are generally two sets of objectives for planning, namely the short-term objectives and the long-term objectives. While the short-term objectives vary from plan to plan, depending on the immediate problems faced by the economy, the process of planning is inspired by certain long term objectives. In case of our Five Year plans, the long-term objectives are:

(i) A high rate of growth with a view to improvement in standard of living.
(ii) Economic self-reliance;
(iii) Social justice and


4  Analyse the reasons for the expansion of public sector enterprises in the context of economic planning in India.

Answer : At the time of independence, India was backward and underdeveloped – basically an agrarian economy with weak industrial base, high rate of unemployment, low level of savings and investment and near absence of infrastructural facilities. Indian economy needed a big push. This push could not come from the private sector because of the lack of funds and their inability to take risk with large long-gestation investments. As such, government intervention through public sector was necessary for self-reliant economic growth, to diversify the economy and to overcome economic and social backwardness.





6  Analyse the objectives of the Thirteenth Finance Commission.

Answer : The Thirteenth Finance Commission ( 13th FC) recommendations relating to urban local bodies inter alia aim at strengthening municipal finances and urban governance in India. The 13th FC, making a departure from the previous Finance Commissions, divided the grants to be distributed to the states for local bodies into two parts - general basic grant and general performance grant.

Objectives of 13th Finance Commission
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BT0078 - Website Design

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(SPRING 2014) ASSIGNMENT


DRIVE WINETR
SPRING 2014
PROGRAM
BSc IT
SUBJECT CODE & NAME
BT0078, Website Design
SEMESTER
Third
BK ID
B1005
CREDITS
2
MARKS
30


1. Describe the working of Internet. Explain that how the messages are sent and received across Internet?

Answer : To understand the Internet, it helps to look at it as a system with two main components. The first of those components is hardware. That includes everything from the cables that carry terabits of information every second to the computer sitting in front of you.

Other types of hardware that support the

2. Explain search engines and their characteristics. List the popular search engines around the globe.

Answer : Search Engine Optimization specialists are a unique 'breed' of internet marketers. When you think of an SEO it's not easy to put a description on them. This is because SEO's come in all sorts of shapes and sizes. SEO isn't a gender specific niche, nor does it discriminate against you if your 15 or 50 years old. I always tell people that while there is a certain ideology behind SEO, it would be rare that you would find two SEO's that




3. What is the purpose of tables? Explain the table, tr, th and td tags of html with examples.
Answer :Purposes

Tables are
·         an organiser for an investigation
·         a way of presenting data in a report
·         an organiser to assist comprehension and thinking.

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BT0077 - Multimedia Systems

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(SPRING 2014) ASSIGNMENT


DRIVE WINETR
SPRING 2014
PROGRAM
BSc IT
SUBJECT CODE & NAME
BT0077, Multimedia Systems
SEMESTER
Third
BK ID
B1004
CREDITS
2
MARKS
30


1 Define digital multimedia and explain digital multimedia challenges.

Answer : Digital media are any media that are encoded in a machine-readable format.Digital media can be created, viewed, distributed, modified and preserved on computers. Computer programs and software; digital video; web pages and websites, including social media; data and databases; digital audio, such as mp3s; and e-books are examples of digital media. Digital media are frequently contrasted with print media,


2. Explain the following color models
1. HSB model
Answer : Based on the human perception of color, the HSB model describes three fundamental characteristics of color:

·         Hue is the color reflected from or transmitted through an object. It is measured as a location on the standard color wheel, expressed as a degree between 0 and 360. In common use, hue is identified by the name of the color such as red, orange, or green.
·         Saturation, sometimes called chroma, is the strength or purity of the color. Saturation represents the amount of gray in proportion to the hue, measured as a percentage from 0 (gray) to 100 (fully saturated). On the standard color wheel, saturation increases from the center to the edge.
·         Brightness is the relative lightness or darkness of the color, usually measured as a percentage from 0 (black) to 100 (white).
Although you can use the HSB model in Photoshop Elements to define a color in the Color Picker dialog box, there is no HSB mode available for creating and editing images.



2. RGB model
Answer : RGB and its subset CMY form the most basic and well-known color model. This model bears closest resemblance to how we perceive color. It also corresponds to the principles of additive and subtractive colors.




3. CMYK model
Answer : Cyan, magenta, and yellow correspond roughly to the primary colors in art production: red, blue, and yellow. In the illustration below, you can see the CMY counterpart to the RGB model shown above:


http://dba.med.sc.edu/price/irf/Adobe_tg/models/images/cmy_model.gif



4. L*a*b model
Answer : The L*a*b color model is based on the model proposed by the Commission Internationale d'Eclairage (CIE) in 1931 as an international standard for color measurement. In 1976, this model was refined and named CIE L*a*b.



3. Describe the GIF and JPEG file formats with their features.
Answer : GIF file format -

An acronym for Graphics Interchange Format, created originally in 1987 by CompuServe to facilitate the exchange of images between different platforms. The file format is known for its compression and the fact that it can store and display multiple images. The major drawback to GIF is that images can only use up to 256 distinct colors
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BT0076 - TCP/IP

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ASSIGNMENT
PROGRAM
BSc IT
SEMESTER
THIRD
SUBJECT CODE & NAME
BT0076,TCP/IP
CREDIT
4
BK ID
BT0965
MAX.MARKS
60

Q.1 Draw the diagram of TCP/IP protocol suit. Explain network interface layer and Internet layer
Ans:- TCP/IP Guide has an excellent explanation of what a TCP/IP stack is and how it works. The process of encapsulation (ultimately why I included this information) also takes place in the TCP/IP stack. Encapsulation is where the next protocol in the stack encapsulates the datagram, giving it additional information that's required, so the packet can successfully reach its destination. The following diagram (courtesy of TCP/IP Guide) depicts the encapsulation process:


Q.2 Define and explain address resolution protocol (ARP). Describe ARP packet generation.
Ans:- Address Resolution Protocol:-
Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) is a telecommunication protocol used for resolution of network layer addresses into link layer addresses, a critical function in multiple-access networks. ARP was defined by RFC 826 in 1982.  It is Internet Standard  STD 37. It is also the name of the program for manipulating these addresses in most operating systems.


Q.3 Define user datagram. Explain UDP datagram format and UDP Application Programming Interface.
Ans: - user datagram
The User Datagram Protocol (UDP) is one of the core members of the Internet protocol suite (the set of network protocols used for the Internet). With UDP, computer applications can send messages, in this case referred to as datagrams, to other hosts on an Internet Protocol (IP) network without prior communications to set up special transmission channels or data paths. The protocol was designed by David P. Reed in 1980 and formally defined in RFC 768.


Q.4 Write note on:
1. The Hierarchical Namespace
2. Fully Qualified Domain Names (FQDNs)

Ans: - The Hierarchical Namespace
Active Names are organized hierarchically into namespaces, analogous to domains in the Domain Naming System (DNS) and directories in a UNIX file system. Names within a namespace can be, in turn, namespaces (sub domains in DNS or subdirectories in UNIX); they can also be terminal leaves in the naming tree (machines in DNS, files in UNIX). Each namespace has a program associated with it that is

Q.5 Define Remote Execution Command Protocol (REXEC and RSH). Explain its principle of operation.

Ana: - Remote Execution Command Protocol (REXEC and RSH)
REXECD (Remote EXEcution Command Daemon) is a server that allows execution of the REXEC or RSH (Remote Shell Protocol) command from a remote host over the TCP/IP network. The client function is performed by the REXEC process.
Principle of Operation

Q.6 Explain the following versions of SNMP:
1. SNMPv1
2. SNMPv2
3. SNMPv2 entity
4. SNMPv2 party

Ans:- SNMP
Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) is an "Internet-standard protocol for managing devices on IP networks". Devices that typically support SNMP include routers, switches, servers, workstations, printers, modem racks and more.  SNMP is used mostly in network management systems  to monitor  network-


SNMPv1
This information is specific to SNMPv1. When using SNMPv1, the snmpd agent uses a simple authentication scheme to determine which Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) manager stations can access its



SNMPv2
SNMPv2 currently exists in at least three flavors, SNMPv2c, SNMPv2u, and SNMPv2*. SNMPv2c is community-based and is specified in RFCs 1902 through 1908. SNMPv2u is user-based and is specified in RFCs 1909 and 1910. SNMPv2* is

.

SNMPv2 entity
A SNMPv2 entity is an actual process which performs network management operations by generating and/or responding to SNMPv2 protocol messages in the manner specified in . When a SNMPv2 entity is acting as a particular SNMPv2 party (see Section 2.1), the operation of that entity must be restricted to the subset of all

SNMPv2 party
SNMPv2 party is a conceptual, virtual execution context whose operation is restricted (for security or other purposes) to an administratively defined subset of all possible operations of a particular SNMPv2 entity. A SNMPv2 entity is an actual process which performs network management operations by generating and/or responding to SNMPv2 protocol messages in the manner specified in [12]. Architecturally, every SNMPv2 entity maintains a local database that represents all SNMPv2 parties known to it.
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